Friday, May 31, 2013

A Dead but alive Buddhist | Political Blind Spot

Moscow, Russia — “Exhumation of the body of Hambo Lama Itigelov took place September 10 th, 2002 on the territory of cemetery near the city of Ulan Ude (Russian Federation). He died and was buried in 1927 and the exhumation was performed in presence of relatives, officials, and specialists”.
This was the information that appeared in Russian mass media regarding Buryat Lama who was exhumed from the grave in the beginning of the 21 st century. The grave contained a wooden box and there was a sitting Buddhist lama in ‘lotus’ pose. His body was preserved as if it was mummified, however it was not. Soft muscles and skin, folding joints. The body was covered with silk clothes and fabric.
Hambo Lama Itigelov is a real person quite well known in Russian history. He studied in Anninsky Datsan (Buddhist university in Buryatia, nowadays there are ruins only) and obtained degrees in medicine and philosophy (on the nature of emptiness), he created an encyclopedia of pharmacology.
In 1911 Itigelov became a Hambo Lama (the head of Buddhist church in Russia). During the period from 1913 till 1917 he participated in social actions of the Tsar, being invited to 300-year anniversary of Romanov’s house, opened the first Buddhist temple in St. Petersburg, and Nikolai II gave him St. Stanislav award on 19 th of March, 1917.
During the First World War Itigelov created and inspired the organization called “Buryat brothers”. He was helping the army with money, meals, clothes, medicaments, he also built a set of hospitals with lama doctors helping wounded soldiers. For that he got St. Anna award and others.
In 1926 Itigelov advised the Buddhist monks to leave Russia, since ‘the red teaching was coming’ (Itigelov himself never left Russia). In 1927, being 75, he told lamas to begin meditation, since he said he was preparing to die. Lamas did not want to perform this meditation because Itigelov was still alive. Thus, Itigelov began to meditate by himself, lamas joined him and soon he died.
Ititgelov left a testament where he asked to bury him as he was, sitting in lotus pose in the cedar box on traditional cemetery. It was done. There was also a statement, where he asked other monks to exhume him after several years. (This is the exciting point – this means he knew that his body would be preserved).
This was done in 1955 and in 1973 by Buddhist monks but they were scared to tell everybody about this, since communist regime did not leave any space for religion in society. Only in 2002 the body was finally exhumed and transferred to Ivolginsky Datsan (a residence of today’s Hambo Lama) where it was closely examined by monks and, which is now more important, by scientists and pathologists.
The official statement was issued about the body – very well preserved, without any signs of decay, whole muscles and inner tissue, soft joints and skin. The interesting thing is that the body was never embalmed or mummified.
Two years passed. Itigelov’s body is now kept open air, in contact with other people, without any temperature or humidity regimes. How Itigelov keeps this condition, nobody knows.
While similar stories exist throughout the world, this is the ONLY WELL-DOCUMENTED and CONFIRMED CASE OF IMPERISHABLE BODY throughout the whole world. Embalming and mummifying is well known among different nations and peoples – Chili (Chinchora), Egypt mummies, Christian Saints, communist leaders and others. Some bodies were found in permafrost, however when they contacted with oxygen atmosphere they perished within several hours.
However, there are descriptions of such things in Buddhist texts, but there are no confirmed examples. Well, now there is.
For two years after the exhumation of Itigilov’s body it does not perish nor decay, no fungus, no negative things happen to it. Itigelov said before he died that he left a message to all peoples on Earth. This message contains no words. Now it is our turn to understand it.

Thursday, May 9, 2013

Ethiopian integration in Israel Gaps remain in - JPost

Ethiopian students dropout rates highlight one of the many challenges facing the Ethiopian community in Israel, Shapira says.

State Comptroller Joseph Shapira hands Knesset Speaker Edelstein annual report, May 8
State Comptroller Joseph Shapira hands Knesset Speaker Edelstein annual report, May 8 Photo: Courtesy of Knesset

Despite the government’s significant efforts to advance the integration of Ethiopian immigrants into Israeli society, gaps still remain in various fields such as welfare, education and employment, according to the State Comptroller’s Report released on Wednesday.
As of 2012, some 120,000 citizens of Ethiopian origin live in Israel, as stated in the document, representing some 1.5 percent of the population. A third of them were born in Israel.
In the last few years, the country has seen an average of 1,500 immigrants from Ethiopia per year, half the rate of 10 years ago.
The report pointed out that over the past 20 years, the State of Israel has taken important measures and invested hundreds of millions of shekel to advance their integration through national programs.
Nevertheless, problems remain, the report stated.
In the field of education, the report revealed that in the 2010-2011 academic year, only 1,000 out of the 12,546 students enrolled in pre-academic programs were of Ethiopian origin.
Some 28.5% of Ethiopians dropped out of the programs compared to 22% for the rest of the students.
Among the Ethiopians who finished the pre-academic programs, more than half did not go on to study at universities, compared to 41% for the rest of the students.
In addition, the dropout rate for Ethiopian students who began their studies in 2011 was 19%, some 8% higher than the rest of students. In private colleges, 13.5% of Ethiopian students dropped out, compared to only 10% for the rest of the population.
Also, out of 22,000 engineering and technology students, only 194 were Ethiopian.
Over the past few years, immigrants joining the IDF have made up about a fifth of the general number of soldiers.
The majority of these olim come from the former Soviet Union and Ethiopia.
According to data presented in the report, 5,800 Ethiopian soldiers served in the army at the end of 2010. In that same year, 2,430 of them had begun their service. The report stated that despite their high motivation to join the IDF, Ethiopian soldiers tend to experience problems during their service. In 2010, only 9% of them had gone through professional training and took courses for their military positions.
The report also showed that Ethiopians are much less represented than the rest of the population in government roles and the public sector. But in local authorities and municipalities, Ethiopians are more represented than they are in other fields.
According to the report, despite investing significantly in the integration of Ethiopian immigrants, the Israeli government has never evaluated the effectiveness of these measures, which represents “great waste.”
“Improving the situation of the Ethiopian community in Israel in these fields will advance, in the best possible way, their integration into the general Israeli society, both in terms of their socioeconomic conditions as well as in their feeling of belonging,” the report stated.
The state comptroller suggested that the issue of integrating Ethiopian immigrants into Israeli society should be handled by one exclusive body that will “see the big picture” and better coordinate between the different areas of concern.